référence : http://listes.cru.fr/arc/mascarene/1995-03/msg00028.html
Clown noir BOURASSA ANDRE G
Merci de votre reponse; elle est eclairante. J'en conclus qu'il s'agit
d'un journal de blancs et que les scenes de Blackville ne sont
generalement pas tres favorables aux noirs. Celle-ci est differente,
toutefois, parce que l'objet principal de la critique est le theatre de
societe des Britanniques. L'image n'est donc pas tres "post-coloniale"
mais elle est amusante en meme temps qu'elle donne une idee du caractere
improvise de certaines petites scenes new-yorkaises du XIXe s.
----- Forwarded Text -----
Date: Sun, 12 Mar 1995 19:52:59 EST
From: Andre G. Bourassa <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Saturday, 11 Mar 95 14:54:46 EST
Subject: Re: SHK 6.0195 Re: Black Characters on Shakespeare's Stage
In _Harper's Weekly_, 1st Septembre 1883, p. 556, there is a full page
etching of black clowns playing what seems to be a parody of _Hamlet_.
The subtitle reads: "The English Mania for Private Theatricals Invades
Blackville. - Drawn by Sol Eytinge, Jun."
I found that in an antique shop of Charleston and do not know where that
paper is from. There is an article about a summer place called Long Branch,
close to New York, on the reverse side, p. 555. I do not know either if
the designer, showing what seems to be Hamlet in front of his father's
ghost, is mocking white English actors, or mocking black amateurs in a
parody of white actors.
The scene is quite sophisticated and my American friends, to whom I
showed it, couldn't tell if it was politically correct or not because,
not knowing the etcher nor the paper, we couldn't see who was mocking whom.
Andre G. Bourassa
Date: Sun, 12 Mar 95 17:09:40 PST
From: Charles Lyons <Charles.Lyons@Forsythe.Stanford.EDU>
Subject: HARPER'S WEEKLY
Dear Andre G. Bourassa:
HARPER'S WEEKLY was probably the most important illustrated
newspaper of its time in New York City. It was a principal venue
for Winslow Homer's graphic work and the principal vehicle for
Thomas Nast, the first major American political cartoonist. Until
the mid 1870s, the illustratations were wood-engravings, and then
the mechanical process that replaced this original process imitated
wood-engraving through the 1880s and 1890s, I believe. HARPER'S
WEEKLY was the U.S. equivalent of THE LONDON ILLUSTRATED NEWS, a
paper that is also the source of important wood-engravings [...].
Charles R. Lyons
Margery Bailey Professor of English and Dramatic Literature
Chair, Graduate Studies